If you experience foot or ankle pain, your podiatrist may recommend orthotics to help treat the condition. Custom, prescription orthotics are devices ordered by a podiatrist to contour and treat the special needs of your body.
Categories of Prescription Orthotics
Functional orthotics are devices that are designed to treat the position or motion of the foot. They may be prescribed to treat foot pain caused by injury. They may also be used when the foot is experiencing pain due to abnormal motion. These devices are semi-rigid and usually constructed of sturdy plastic or other materials.
Accommodative orthotics are devices that are meant to provide extra cushion and support to feet. They are often made of softer materials and treat conditions such as pain from calluses and diabetic foot ulcers.
Types of shoe-modifying orthotics:
- Heel flares
- Steel bar
- Sole flare
- Metatarsal pads
- Scaphoid pads
- Extended heel or Thomas heel
- Metatarsal bars
- Sole wedges
- Rocket bar
- Cushioned (Sach) heel
- Heel wedges
These various types of devices are designed to treat a wide range of foot pain and podiatric problems. For example, the cushioned heel is compressed rubber inserted into the show which can help to absorb shock and reduce impact to the foot. Heel flares are used to provide stability to the foot and reduce inversion or eversion.
If your podiatrist decides you need an orthotic device, they will start by conducting a biomechanical evaluation of your foot. They will then write a detailed prescription outlining the specific needs and condition of your foot. Your podiatrist will then custom-order the device that will fit your foot and correct your problem.
If you are experiencing foot pain, be sure to see a podiatrist, which is a doctor who specializes in treating foot and ankle conditions. The Ankle and Foot Institute serving St. Louis, MO treats a variety of foot problems using custom orthotics. Schedule an appointment with your Fenton podiatrist today to find out how orthotics can help relieve your foot or ankle pain call (636)-717-1100. For our Maryville location, give us a call at (618) 288-2835.